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Jiu Jitsu Terminology

Common Terms  
aikido way of spiritual harmony
atemi striking
bo 6' staff
bokken wooden sword
budo martial ways
bujutsu fighting arts
bushi warrior
bushido way of the warrior
chudan mid-body level
dachi stance
dan step / senior grade
do way
dojo training hall
gedan lower-body level
geri kick
gi uniform
hajime begin
hakama traditional wide trousers
jiu jitsu compliant art (ju jitsu, ju jutsu)
jiu jitsuka practitioner of jiu jitsu
jo 4' staff
jodan upper-body / head level
judo compliant way
kan style or school of a martial art
kai club or association
karate-do way of the empty hand
kata set form of moves
katana sword
katsu first aid
kendo way of the sword
ki inner energy
kiai focussed inner energy
kitskay attention / listen
kuzushi points of unbalance
kyu student grade
ma-ai distance
matsui relaxation / meditation
nage throw
obi belt
rei bow
ryu style or school of a martial art
samurai Japanese feudal warrior class
seiza kneeling position
sensei teacher
shihan senior teacher / master
suwaru to kneel down
tanto knife
tatame mat
tori person performing the technique
uke person technique performed on
ukemi break-falling
waza technique
yamae stop
yoi get ready
yoshi continue
Counting  
ichi one
ni two
san three
shi four
go five
roku six
shichi seven
hachi eight
ku nine
ju ten
Black Belt Grades  
shodan first degree
nidan second degree
sandan third degree
yondan fourth degree
godan fifth degree
rokudan sixth degree
shichidan seventh degree
hachidan eighth degree
kudan ninth degree
judan tenth degree
Throws  
Ashi-guruma Foot wheel
De-ashi-harai Forward foot sweep
Ganseki-otoshi Rock drop
Hane-goshi Spring hip
Hane-makikomi Spring winding
Harai-goshi Sweeping hip
Harai-makikomi Sweeping winding throw
Harai-tsurikomi-ashi Lift-pull foot sweep
Hikkomi-gaeshi Rolling throw
Hiza-guruma Knee wheel
Ippon-seoi-nage One-arm shoulder throw
Irimi-nage Entering throw
Kani-basami Pincer throw
Kata-guruma Shoulder wheel
Kawazu-gake One-leg hook
Kibisu-gaeshi Heel trip
Kiri-kaeshi-nage Under scooping throw
Kokyu-nage Air / breath throw
Koshi-guruma Hip wheel
Kosoto-gake Minor outer hook
Kosoto-gari Minor outer reap
Kote-gaeshi Wrist-throw
Ko-tsuri-goshi Minor lifting hip
Kouchi-gari Minor inner reap
Kuchiki-taoshi One-hand drop
Morote-gari Two-hand reap
Morote-seoi-nage Two-hand shoulder throw
O-goshi Major hip
O-guruma Major wheel
Okuri-ashi-harai Sliding foot sweep
Osoto-gari Major outer reap
Osoto-guruma Major outer wheel
Osoto-makikomi Major outer winding
Osoto-otoshi Major outer drop
O-tsuri-goshi Major lifting hip
Ouchi-gari Major inner reap
Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi Supporting foot lift-pull
Seoi-otoshi Shoulder drop
Shiho-nage Four corner throw
Sode-tsurikomi-goshi Sleeve lift-pull hip
Soto-makikomi Outer winding
Sukui-nage Scooping throw
Sumi-gaeshi Corner throw
Sumi-otoshi Corner drop
Tai-otoshi Body drop
Tani-otoshi Valley drop
Tawara-gaeshi Rice-bale throw
Te-guruma Hand wheel
Tenchi-nage Heaven and earth throw
Tomoe-nage Circular throw
Tsurikomi-goshi Lift-pull hip
Uchi-mata Inner thigh
Uchi-mata-makikomi Inner thigh winding
Ude-juji-nage Cross arm throw
Uki-goshi Floating hip
Uki-otoshi Floating drop
Uki-waza Floating throw
Ura-nage Rear throw
Ushiro-goshi Back hip
Utsuri-goshi Shifting hip
Yama Arashi Mountain Storm
Yoko-gake Side hook
Yoko-guruma Side wheel
Yoko-otoshi Side drop
Yoko-wakare Side separation
Restraint Techniques  
Ude-garami Arm entanglement
Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame Cross arm-lock
Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame Triangular arm-lock
Ude-hishigi-te-gatame Hand arm-lock
Ude-hishigi-ude-gatame Arm arm-lock
Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame Armpit arm-lock
Gyaku-kesa-gatame Reverse scarf hold
Kami-shiho-gatame Top four-corner hold
Kata-gatame Shoulder hold
Kesa-gatame Scarf hold
Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame Broken top four-corner hold
Kuzure-kesa-gatame Broken scarf hold
Tate-shiho-gatame Straight four-corner hold
Yoko-shiho-gatame Side four-corner hold
Tsukkomi-jimi Thrust choke
Nami-juji-jimi Normal cross choke
Gyaku-juji-jimi Reverse cross choke
Kata-juji-jimi Half cross choke
Ryote-jimi Two hand choke
Okuri-eri-jimi Sliding collar choke
Hadaka-jimi Naked choke
Kata-ha-jimi Half wing choke
Katate-jimi One-hand choke
Sankaku-jimi Triangular choke
Sode-guruma-jimi Sleeve wheel choke
Kicks  
Mae-geri Front kick
Mawashi-geri In-turning circular kick
Ushiro-geri Rear kick
Yoko-geri Side Kick

 

 

 

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